Feature Post

Wednesday, October 26, 2011

History of Battery

The battery, which is really a cell is an electronic device that produces electricity through a chemical reaction. In a single battery cell, there is a negative electrode, electrolyte, which makes the ions, a separator, the ion conductor, and the positive electrode.

Chronology of the history of the battery

- Benjamin Franklin first coined the term "battery" to describe a variety of charged glass plates.

1780-1786 - Luigi Galvani demonstrated what we now understand to be the basis of the electronic transmission of nerve impulses, and provided the cornerstone for future research inventors like Volta, to create a battery.

1800 Voltaic cell - Alessandro Volta invented the voltaic pile and discovered the first practical method for generating electricity. Constructed of alternating discs of zinc and copper with pieces of cardboard in brine between the metals, Arrows Voltic produced electricity. The Arc metal implement was used to transport electricity over long distances. Voltaic battery Alessandro Volta was the first "wet cell battery" that produced a reliable, stable flow of electricity.

1836 Daniell Cell
, Volta's battery could not deliver an electric current through a longer period. John F. English Daniell invented the Daniell cell that used two electrolytes: copper sulfate and zinc sulfate. Daniel cell lasted longer then the Volta cell or battery. The battery, which produced about 1.1 volts, was used to power items such as telegraphs, telephones and doorbells, remained popular in homes for over 100 years.

1839 Fuel Cell
- William Robert Grove developed the first fuel cell that produces electricity by combining hydrogen and oxygen.

- Inventors created improvements to batteries used liquid electrodes to produce electricity. Bunsen (1842) and Grove (1839) came up with the most successful.

1859 Rechargeable - French inventor, Gaston Plante developed the first practical storage lead-acid battery can be recharged (secondary battery). This type of battery is primarily used in cars today.

1866 Leclanché carbon-zinc-Cel
l - a French engineer, Georges Leclanché patented carbon-zinc batteries, wet cell called Leclanché. According to the History of the batteries: "George Leclanché original cell was assembled porous vase The positive electrode consisted of crushed manganese dioxide and carbon mixed into the negative terminal zinc finger of the cathode was packed into the pot, and the rod Carbon was added to operate the coin collector anode or zinc rod and the plate was immersed in a solution of ammonium chloride .... actuated by a fluid electrolyte, can easily inside through the porous cup and stay in touch with the cathode material. actuated by a fluid electrolyte, can easily inside through the porous cup and stay in contact with the cathode material.

"Georges Leclanche, and further improve the design by replacing ammonium chloride liquid electrolyte paste and invented a method of sealing the battery with the invention of the first dry cell, an improved design is now portable.

1881 - Judge Thiebaut patented the first battery with both the negative electrode and porous pot placed in a glass of zinc.

1881 - Carl Gassner invented the first commercial success of the dry cell battery (zinc-carbon cell).

1899 - Waldmar Jungner invented the first battery nickel cadmium rechargeable batteries.

1901 Alkaline - Thomas Alva Edison invented the alkaline battery. Thomas Edison had an iron alkaline battery anode material (-) and oxide cathode material nickelic (+).

1949 alkaline manganese batterie
s - Lew Urry developed a small alkaline battery in 1949. The inventor had worked with Eveready Battery Co. research laboratory in Parma, Ohio. Alkaline batteries last five to eight times as long as the zinc-carbon cells, their predecessors.

1954 solar cells - Gerald Pearson, Calvin Fuller and Daryl Chapin invented the first solar battery. A solar battery converts the sun's energy into electricity. In 1954, Gerald Pearson, Calvin Fuller and Daryl Chapin invented the first solar battery. The inventors created a series of several strips of silicon (each about the size of a razorblade), placed in sunlight, captured the free electrons and convert them into electricity. Bell Laboratories in New York announced the prototype manufacture of a new solar battery. Bell had funded the research. The first public service trial of Bell Solar Battery began with a telephone support system (Americus, Georgia) October 4, 1955.

1964 -
Duracell was formed.

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